Английский как мировой язык

English as a world language

Арсений (Арсений)

The global spread of English over the last 50 years is remarkable. It is unprecedented in several ways : by the increasing number of users of the language by its depth of penetration into societies; by its range of functions.

Worldwide over 1.4 billion people live in countries where English has official status One out of five of the worl’s population speaks English with some degree of competence.

And one in five-over one billion people – is learning English with some degree of competence. Over 70% percent of the world’s scientists read English . About 85 per cent of the world’s mail is written in English. And 90 per cent of all information in the worl’s electronic retrieval systems is stored in English. What began some 1,500 years ago as a rude languge originally spoken by obscure Germanic tribes who invaded England, now encompasses the globe. There are three factors continue to contibute to this spread of English: English usage in science, technology and commerce; the ability to incorporate vocabulary from other languages: and the acceptability of various English dialects

In science, English replaced German after World War the second . With this technical and scientific dominance came the beginning of overall linquistic dominance , first in Europe and then globally

Today, the information age has replaced the industrial age and has compressed time and distance.the information revolution is redefining our world. In less than 20 years, information processing, once limited to the printed world, has given way to computers and the Internet. Computer-mediated communication is closing the gap between spoken and written English. It encourages more informal conversational language and a tolerance for diversity and individual style, and has resulted in Internet English replacing the authority of language institutes and practises

English, like many languages, uses a phonetic alphbet and fairly basic syntax . But most importantly, it has a large and extensive vocabulary , of which about 80 per cent is foreign . Thereofore, it has cognates from virtually every language in Europe and has borrowed and continues to borrow words from Spanish and French

Finally, no English language central authority guards the purity of the language. therefore, many dialects have developed: American, British, Canadian, Indian and Australian, to name a few There is no standard pronunciation, But within this diversity is a unity of grammar and one set of core vocabulary Thus, each country that speaks the language can inject aspects of its own culture into the usage and vocabulary.